2017 - Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for citiES (RAMSES)

Antwerp, Bilbao, Bogota, Hyderabad, London, New York, Rio de Janeiro, Skopje
2012 - 2017
European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497
13 international partners from Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Norway, Spain and United Kingdom.

The main aim of the RAMSES project is to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities. RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond. The project will focus on climate impacts and adaptation strategies pertinent to urban areas due to their high social and economic importance.

VITO’s role in RAMSES is to generate urban climate projections, which will then be employed to assess present and future vulnerability, in particular considering heat stress. Moreover, we will simulate the impact of urban adaptation measures on local climate. One of the main findings in RAMSES so far is that cities appear to experience 2-3 times more heat wave days than the nearby rural areas.

The validation of the UrbClim model is documented in a RAMSES deliverable report while the UrbClim results for climate projections are described in another RAMSES deliverable report


UrbClim average temperature for the IPCC reference period 1986 - 2005 for Skopje at 250 m resolution.